The portion of the food we eat that is glucose passes with the rest of the food through our mouth, down the esophagus, and into our stomach. It is immediately absorbed through the stomach walls into the bloodstream. Because glucose is the form of sugar that is readily soluble, the body is constantly converting all food stuff, including all the other sugars, into glucose so it can pass into the bloodstream.
Maltose is the second member of an important biochemical series of glucose chains. Maltose is the disaccharide produced when amylase enzyme breaks down starch. It is found in germinating seeds such as barley as they break down their starch and Turing barley to malt and malt is the base of beer, pumpernickel and malt bier served in Germany to young mothers to gain strength and increase the milk production.
Halve a century ago we enjoyed malted milk shake a much better energy drink then the poison water soled today. The roman gladiator, to gain strength and a protective layer of fat, they consummated barley, there for the name gladiator the barley eater.
The pyramid builder trunk beer a brew with malt, honey and herbs, it cannot get any better.
Glucose, insulin and diabetes: a tricky combo.
If we eat too much food, the amount of glucose in the blood becomes higher than it should be, and the blood takes in more sugar than it can accommodate without exercising enough to burn it off. Then the body produces a hormone called insulin in the pancreas that converts this over-abundant glucose to a substance called glycogen. The body stores this glycogen in the liver and in the tissues as fat, where it can later be reconverted into glucose for the body to burn as energy.
Diabetes is the condition resulting from chronic high levels of glucose in the bloodstream, which causes a condition in the cells called hyper-metabolism. Hyper-metabolic (?) can lead to damage in the cells of the organ where they are situated. Organs that are particularly prone to damage are the eyes, kidneys, and the nervous system.
There are two types of diabetes:
Type One Diabetes is also called insulin dependent diabetes, and results from progressive destruction of insulin producing cells in the pancreas, which increases the level of blood sugar.
Type Two Diabetes is also called non-insulin dependent diabetes, and is caused when the body’s cells resist insulin and the body does not make enough insulin to overcome the resistance. Type Two usually is linked to obesity.